A Class surfacing and its importance:
A class surfaces are those aesthetic/ free form surfaces, which are visible to us (interior/exterior), having an optimal aesthetic shape and high surface quality.

Mathematically class A surface are those surfaces which are curvature continuous while providing the simplest mathematical representation needed for the desired shape/form and does not have any undesirable waviness.

Curvature continuity: It is the continuity between the surfaces sharing the same boundary. Curvature continuity means that at each point of each surface along the common boundary has the same radius of curvature.

Why Class A is needed:
We all understand that today products are not only designed considering the functionality but special consideration are given to its form/aesthetic which can bring a desire in ones mind to own that product.
Which is only possible with high-class finish and good forms.
This is the reason why in design industries Class A surface are given more importance.

How to make good class surface?
To achieve a good class surface it requires good surfacing skills and understanding of the form or flow of the reference object. In this highlight plot (color plot /zebra plot), curvature plot (needle/value) of the surface is a very help full tool.

Highlight plot :
Highlight is the behavior of the form or Shape of a surface when a light or nature reflects on it. This reflection of light or nature gives you an understanding about the quality of surface. This reflection required should be natural, streamline and with uniformity.

Our Understanding for Class A surfaces:
1. The fillets - Generally for Class A, the requirement is curvature continuous and
Uniform flow of flow lines from fillet to parent surface value of 0.005 or better
(Position 0.001mm and tangency to about 0.016 degrees)

2. The flow of the highlight lines - The lines should form a uniform family of lines.
Gradually widening or narrowing but in general never pinching in and out.

3. The control points should form a very ordered structure - again varying in
Angle from one Row to the next in a gradual manner (this will yield the good
Highlights required).

4. For a Class A model the fillet boundary should be edited and moved to form a
Gentle line - and then re-matched into the base surface.

5. Matched iso-params in U & V direction are also a good representation of class A.

6. The degree (order) of the Bezier fillets should generally be about 6 (also for arc
Radius direction) sometimes you may have to go higher.
7. We also take care of Draft angle, symmetry, gaps and matching of surfaces
Created with parent or reference surfaces.

8. Curvature cross-section needles across the part - we make sure the rate of
Change of curvature (or the flow of the capping line across the top of the part) is
Very gentle and well behaved.

The tool we use is ICEM-Surf:
ICEM-Surf is a surface-modeling tool, which
Bridges between aesthetic designer and
Production engineer i.e. while considering the
Styling intent of stylist, it also takes care of
Production feasibility and engineering.

Which means that this tool facilitates us to work dynamically onscreen and while working we can simultaneously visualize the styling as well as engineeringchanges.